SIOP Instructional Strategies


What goals have you set for your instructional practice? How well are your students doing? How can instructional practice be refined and/or enhanced to improve learning? Any of the elements below might serve as a focus for your work. Let's plan together on a goal of your choice ...

Lesson Preparation
  1. Write content objectives clearly for students.
  2. Write language objectives clearly for students.
  3. Choose content concepts appropriate for age and educational background level of students.
  4. Identify supplementary materials to use (graphs, models, visuals).
  5. Adapt content (e.g. text, assignments) to all levels of student proficiency.
  6. Plan meaningful activities that integrate lesson concepts (e.g. surveys, letter writing, simulations, constructing models) with language practice opportunities for reading, writing, listening, and/or speaking.

Building Background & Motivation
  1. Explicitly link concepts to students' backgrounds and experiences.
  2. Explicitly link past learning and new concepts.
  3. Emphasize key vocabulary (e.g. introduce, write, repeat & highlight) for students.

Comprehensible Input
  1. Use speech appropriate for students' proficiency level (e.g. slower rate, enunciation, and simple sentence structure for beginners).
  2. Explain academic tasks clearly.
  3. Use a variety of techniques to make content concepts clear (e.g. modeling, visuals, hands-on activities, demonstrations, gestures, body language).

Strategies
  1. Provide ample opportunities for students to use strategies (e.g. problem solving, predicting, organizing, summarizing, categorizing, evaluating, self-monitoring).
  2. Use scaffolding techniques consistently (providing the right amount of support to move students from one level of understanding to a higher level) throughout the lesson.
  3. Use a variety of question types including those that promote higher order thinking skills throughout the lesson (literal, analytical, & interpretive questions).

Interaction
  1. Provide frequent opportunities for interactions and discussion between teacher/student and among students, and encourage elaborated responses.
  2. Use group configurations that support language and content objectives of the lesson.
  3. Provide sufficient wait time for student responses consistently.
  4. Give ample opportunities for students to clarify key concepts as needed with aide, peer, or enhanced text.

Practice/Application
  1. Provide hands-on materials and/or manipulatives for students to practice using new content knowledge.
  2. Provide activities for students to apply content and language knowledge in the classroom.
  3. Provide activities that integrate all language skills (i.e. reading, writing, listening and speaking).

Lesson Delivery
  1. Support content objectives clearly.
  2. Support language objectives clearly.
  3. Engage students approximately 90% to 100% of the period (most students taking part and on task throughout the lesson).
  4. Pace the lesson appropriately to the students' ability level.

Review/Assessment
  1. Give a comprehensive review of key vocabulary.
  2. Give a comprehensive review of key content concepts.
  3. Provide feedback to students regularly on their output (e.g. language, content, work).
  4. Conduct assessments of student comprehension and learning throughout lesson on all lesson objectives (e.g. spot checking, group response).